How can I use images from within a list?
The list-option "Adopt images from the source question in target questions" only has an influence on image question types. That's the reason why with other types of questions, only the text is being shown instead of the images.
If you used a 522 question typ as target question, the images would show up. A flash matrix question (661, simple matrix) would work just as good. Here, you could use the list with dnyamic answer options just as usual.
If you want to use the 311 question type, you could do so like this:
Images are not being put in via dynamic answer options, but instead you use static answer options that contain the HTML code for every separate image.
By using hiding conditions you can then hide the images which are not supposed to show up.
Which of these methods you want to use is totally up to you.